The Eagle and Basketmakers
The Basketmakers was occupied by a T. Knight, a basket maker in 1854 who then took out a beer licence and called his premises The Broker’s Arms and then by 1864 changed the name to the Basketmakers, so from 1864 this has had the same name. The Eagle pub, built in the 1850s, was named after the Eagle foundry which was on the site of the current castellated building further up Gloucester Rd. It is said that the Eagle stands on the site of an earlier police station.
The Beer Act of 1830The Beer Act of 1830 did much to encourage the proliferation of pubs enabling any ratepayer to pay 2 guineas and then open up a beer house. The applicant did not have to show good character or financial stability. The act abolished beer duties and established opening hours; 5am to 10pm. In 1869 beer houses came under the same licensing regulations as pubs and taverns and the 1872 Licensing Act gave magistrates powers to grant licences, fixed closing times from 11pm to 6pm and prohibited the sale of spirits to under 16s.
By the early 1890s there were nearly 600 licensed premises in Brighton but the numbers fell between 1900 and 1935 (the result of WW1 and DORA). DORA required that beer be watered down, opening hours cut and the banning of rounds of drinks.